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Melbourne Migration Statistics

With a population of over 4.35 million, Melbourne is Australia’s second largest city. Dominating Australia’s population growth for the 11th year in a row as of 2013, Melbourne added 77,000 people between 2011 and 2012. The city is expected to reach over 5 million people by 2025, and eventually to overtake Sydney by 2040. The earliest known inhabitants of greater Melbourne were Indigenous Australians and a vibrant Aboriginal life still exists there.

Melbourne, an outgoing and confident city, welcomes migrants with open arms and this is a reflection on the generosity of its inhabitants. The city’s spirit embraces change, newcomers while respecting heritage and celebrating a rich diverse culture. Melbourne’s residents originate from over 140 nations, all living side by side. Since the nineteenth century, when Melbourne’s first European and Chinese settlers migrated during the Gold Rush, post World War II refugees and South-east Asians contributed to boosting the Australian population. By the middle of the twentieth century, 20% of Melbourne’s population consisted of non-English speaking people. Until 2011, most migrants to Melbourne were UK-born, who are concentrated in the city’s south-east suburbs. Indian-born migrants living in Melbourne grew tremendously over the past decade, more than tripling from 29,000 to 105,000 people between 2001 in 2011. In fact, The Australian newspaper reported that India, for the first time, surpassed the UK as Australia’s biggest source of migrants. More recently Melbourne has seen an influx of international students, who have contributed to the multicultural fabric of the city.

Melbourne’s second largest overseas-born were from India making up 3% of the city’s total population. It is the capital of Victoria, which has also witnessed the most migrants from India, with 40,200 people, or 18.3% of total migrants to Australia. China was not far behind, with 37,900, followed by UK (17,800),  Sri Lanka (10,615) and the Philippines (8,900).